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UNFPA

Bangladesh Background Youth and Adolescents

The Government of Bangladesh introduced a major five-year reform in the health sector, titled "Health and Population Sector Programme” (HPSP) in 1998. Particular emphasis was placed on reproductive health and the provision of an essential service package, including RH treatment, communicable diseases, child care and simple curative care, to the most vulnerable populations.

Thanks to the Government’s strong commitment towards implementing the goals stated in the ICPD Programme of Action and the HPSP, the country has seen a sharp decline in its fertility rate (from an average of 6.3 births per woman in 1971–75 to 3.3 in 1995–2000) and a notable improvement in primary health care. Bangladesh, nevertheless, remains one of the most densely populated countries in the world with 130 million persons living in 147,570 Sq. Km.

With a strong focus on population and family planning, there are very few venues for young people to obtain youth friendly sexual and reproductive health services and information.

The incidence of sexually transmissible disease is increasing which suggests a potential for growth in HIV infection rates although the present level is low. There is currently no HIV education in the school curriculum and education efforts by the National AIDS Committee have been limited.

     
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