Bangladesh Background Youth and Adolescents
Government of Bangladesh introduced a major five-year reform in the health
sector, titled "Health and Population Sector Programme (HPSP)
in 1998. Particular emphasis was placed on reproductive health and the
provision of an essential service package, including RH treatment, communicable
diseases, child care and simple curative care, to the most vulnerable
Thanks to the Governments strong commitment towards implementing
the goals stated in the ICPD Programme of Action and the HPSP, the country
has seen a sharp decline in its fertility rate (from an average of 6.3
births per woman in 197175 to 3.3 in 19952000) and a notable
improvement in primary health care. Bangladesh, nevertheless, remains
one of the most densely populated countries in the world with 130 million
persons living in 147,570 Sq. Km.
With a strong focus on population and family planning, there are very
few venues for young people to obtain youth friendly sexual and reproductive
health services and information.
The incidence of sexually transmissible disease is increasing which suggests
a potential for growth in HIV infection rates although the present level
is low. There is currently no HIV education in the school curriculum and
education efforts by the National AIDS Committee have been limited.