Nepal: Lessons Learned - Year 2004
Here are the main lessons learned from RHIYA Nepal in 2004:
The sense of ownership and an affinity towards the RHIYA programme has been developed and strengthened among the adolescents and youths. For example the Youth Information Centers are generally managed and run by the AYs who supervise and monitor the YIC activities. AYs also collect and generate funds for preparing themselves to take over the YIC and sustain the activities. Also Wall Magazines (EDHAG) and ‘Jigyasa’ ARH newsletters are entirely their own product and creation for which they decide on the topics/contents by themselves, NGOs only play facilitating role.
Power-relationship and traditional value system create communication gap on SRH issues.Traditional values have given a patronizing role to the teacher and a submissive role to the pupil. Such power-relationship has negative effect on frank and friendly communication between the two sides and a gap exists between them. Because of the social taboos and value system, teachers hesitate to talk, teach and promote discussion on SRH issues despite having some knowledge about it. That’s why involvement of secondary beneficiaries such as parent, opinion leaders, teachers, etc is important in creating supportive environment.
AYs prefer edutainment activities for learning about SRH issues. Efforts should be on creating awareness raising activities that are of edutainment nature in the form of games, role plays, drama,… For example Indreni (rainbow) game is quite popular across the RHIYA output projects. The game consists of a tennis like ball, combined with questions and answers on ASRH topics. The hit ball touches one of the colored circles associated with a specific topic like FP, sexuality, gender issues, etc
Social mobilization is found effective in reaching the disadvantaged and vulnerable AYs. For example AMK involves the concerned stakeholders/gatekeepers from the planning phase till implementation in each Village Development Committee , providing sensitization workshop on AYSRH issue. It is a big challenge to provide SRH information and education for unorganized and scattered disadvantaged AYs. You need to take utmost caution while discussing or orienting these issues with the community people particularly elders or parents and religious minded people. Sometimes if the conducive and friendly atmosphere is not created with the participants in the orientation programme, frequent and repeated efforts must be made towards disseminating and educating the community people with appropriate information on the project, its objectives and ASRH issues to garner their support for the programme.
Please find below all lessons learned from Nepal partners (as described in Annual report 2004) :
UNFPA Nepal Country Office: Nepal UPSU
AMK: Community Actions for Improved Youth Sexual Reproductive Health
BPMHF: Better Information for Young People Program
EHDAG: Improvement of SRH & Prevention of HIV / AIDS & Drug Abuse Among AYs in Urban Poor Communities
FPAN: Working with Young People on Sexual & Reproductive Health Needs Project (Second Phase)
phect-NEPAL: Improving SRH & Reducing Gender Based Violence Among Adolescents & Youth
Samjhauta Nepal: Empowering Youth through Life Skills & SRH Education
SPN: Improving Utilization of SRH Services by Adolescents & Youths in Nepal