Pakistan Background Youth and Adolescents
is faced with high fertility rates, currently at 4.8 per cent, compounded
by low levels of contraceptive use. In recognition of the urgent need
to reach out to largely un-served populations in rural and remote areas,
the government of Pakistan is now implementing a five-year plan, aimed
at increasing reproductive health funding, and employing female community-based
reproductive health workers in over 50,000 rural and urban communities.
Adolescent marriages, particularly among girls, are still common in Pakistan.
However, the age of marriage has been rising in the past few decades.
A clear gender difference remains in the timing of marriage. The mean
age of marriage has increased from 16.7 in the 1960s to 22 years in 1998
for girls. For boys, the current SMAM is 26.5. In the age group 15-19
3-4% of males and 17% of females are married, implying that potentially
sensitive RH issues, such as adolescent sexual and reproductive health
and male involvement in family planning and contraception have to be carefully
approached and introduced.